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Alberta Crop Report as of June 13, 2023

Image of Canola Field

Crop Report, provided by the Government of Alberta Agriculture and Irrigation, as of June 13, 2023:

' A provincial state of emergency was declared on May 6 due to the number of wildfires in the province, and ended on June 3. The wildfire situation in the northern areas of the province remains serious.

Light and sporadic showers experienced across the province have failed to be enough to boost crop condition ratings and soil moisture reserves as of June 13 (see the Map). Many areas continue to report hot and dry temperatures that have further depleted soil moisture conditions continuously since May 23. The Peace Region has received the most moisture the past week with up to 60 mm (as well as select south west parts of the South Region), while the majority of the Central, North East and South Regions received 0-5 mm. This has caused crops across the province to show signs of stress and mature quicker than normal.

As of June 13, provincial crop growing conditions are rated as 43 per cent good to excellent conditions, 32 per cent below the 5-year average and 31 per cent below the 10-year average. Potatoes, lentils, chickpeas, and durum are rated in the best condition provincially, whereas canola and barley are rated the lowest.While the Peace Region isn’t experiencing the same poor growing conditions (rated at 72 per cent of crops in good to excellent condition) thanks to adequate rain, the rest of the province is seeing the lowest ratings since 2009 and 2015. Currently, 56 per cent of all crops in the North East Region are rated as good to excellent, followed by the South (46 per cent), the Central (23 per cent) and the North West (18 per cent). Last week, 93 per cent of crops had emerged. Currently, 55 per cent of broad leaf crops are in the 4-6 leaf/node stage moderately ahead of the 5-year average of 45 per cent and spring cereals are just entering stem elongation. While some fields are so dry that there are dormant seedlings struggling to get going, other cereals have already produced a flag leaf as they rush into heading.

Image of Crop Condition Table and Moisture MapHeavy precipitation in the near forecast will be needed to improve soil moisture conditions across majority of the province. Overall, good to excellent rated surface soil moisture conditions fell 2 per cent and sub-surface soil moisture ratings decreased 5 per cent over the past week. Overall, surface soil moisture (10-year average in brackets) is rated at 40(9) per cent poor, 32(19) per cent fair, 21(43) per cent good, 7(26) per cent excellent and less than one per cent (3) rated excessive. The majority of the province is rated as extremely low (once in 25-50 year dry) to less than once-in-50-years dry (see the Map). Currently, sub surface soil moisture (10-year average in brackets) is rated as 37(9) per cent poor, 32(23) per cent fair, 24(45) per cent good, 7(21) per cent excellent and 0(2) per cent excessive.

Image of Tables and Moisture Map

Even though pasture and tame hay conditions rated good to excellent increased by 4 and 3 per cent, respectively, conditions are still well below the 5- and 10-year averages. Tame hay is reported to be flowering, while pasture grass is heading out and as a result is being cut for hay and silage and rotated through grazing cycles sooner than normal. First cut haying progress is reported to range from 2 per cent complete in the Peace to 12 per cent complete in the North West. Tame hay is rated as (10-year average in brackets) 39(10) per cent poor, 26(24) per cent fair, 31(51) per cent good, and 4(15) per cent excellent. Pasture conditions are rated as (10- year average in brackets) 37(13) per cent poor, 23(24) per cent fair, 38(51) per cent good and 2(13) per cent excellent.

Region Five: Peace (Fairview, Falher, Grande Prairie, Valleyview)
  • Sporadic light rain was experienced across the Peace Region.
  • Adequate rain in the region has left crops rated at 72 per cent good to excellent, 1 per cent behind the 5-year average
  • and 2 per cent ahead of the 10-year average.
  • The majority of spring seeded cereals have just produced a shoot and few have tillers. There are no fall seeded crops
  • in this region. About 32 per cent of canola and 82 per cent of dry peas are in the 4-6 leaf/node stage.
  • 35 per cent of post-emergent spraying is complete. Some areas reported re-seeding, which is necessary due to
  • cutworm damage.
  • Surface soil moisture is now rated at (sub-surface soil moisture ratings shown in brackets) 12 (10) per cent poor, 24 (25) per cent fair, 25 (32) per cent good and 35(32) per cent excellent, with 3(0) per cent excessive.
  • Recent rains and heat have benefited hay and pasture conditions in the Peace Region. Currently, pasture is rated as (tame hay conditions in bracket) 10(11) per cent poor, 34(34) per cent fair, 46(45) per cent good, and 10(10) per cent excellent.

To read the full report on all regions head to their website:

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