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Alberta Crop Report as of September 12, 2023

A mostly dry week around the province allowed the crop harvest to progress from 14 per cent to 44 per cent complete, 6 per cent ahead of the 5-year average (see Table 1). Some regions such as the North West and North East reported overly saturated soil, but still made significant progress harvesting 12 and 15 per cent, respectively, during the last week. While the South Region has been dry most of the harvest season and the Peace Region was dry this past week, both made progress with the South harvesting 9 per cent and the Peace 21 per cent. This puts them at 16 and 21 per cent ahead of their 5-year average, respectively. Since last week, the North East Region’s harvest progressed 15 per cent, but remains 5 per cent behind its 5-year average.

Currently, harvest is furthest along in the South Region at 80 per cent complete, followed by the Peace and Central Region, at 44 and 41 per cent complete, respectively. The North East and North West have the least crop in the bin and are both 24 per cent complete. Provincially, 95 per cent of dry peas are combined. Most canola has been swathed and is waiting to mature, with 19 per cent combined.

Table 1: Harvest Progress (Major Crops) as of September 12, 2023

Map of 30-Day Precipitation Accumulations Relative to Long Term Normal

Precipitation has been limited over the last week, ranging from 0 to 15 mm across the province and small areas in the North West and Central receiving between 15 and 25 mm. While the dry weather has helped harvest progress over the last month, more moisture is needed to assist fall seeded crops. Since last week, surface and sub-surface soil moisture rated good to excellent, although both decreased 2 per cent. Currently, surface soil moisture (5-year average in brackets) is rated at 32 (20) per cent poor, 30 (29) per cent fair, 28 (39) per cent good, 8 (10) per cent excellent and 2 (2) per cent excessive (See Table 2). Subsurface soil moisture (5-year average in brackets) is rated at 37 (24) per cent poor, 28 (29) fair, 28 (33) good, 7 (12) per cent excellent and 0 (1) per cent excessive.

Pasture and tame hay growth are slowing down due to time of year and cooler weather, and livestock are being moved onto harvested fields. Late season rains have made second cut hay better than first cut yields. Pasture conditions (5-year average in brackets) are rated as 42 (32) per cent poor, 36 (35) per cent fair, 21 (31) per cent good and 1 (3) per cent excellent (See Table 3). Tame hay (5-year average in brackets) is rated as 32 (28) per cent poor, 38 (32) per cent fair, 28 (36) per cent good and 2 (5) per cent excellent. Both pasture and tame hay rated good to excellent, decreasing 4 per cent since last week.

Alberta Soil Moisture Ratings

Region Five: Peace (Fairview, Falher, Grande Prairie, Valleyview)

  • Great weather all week allowed significant progress in harvesting, at 21 per cent since last week with 44 per cent of crops in the bin.
  • The dry pea harvest has progressed the most, with less than 15 per cent left to combine. By comparison, only 17 per cent of canola has been combined in the Peace Region.
  • Very small areas in the southern part of the region received up to 10 mm of precipitation, while most of the region received less than 1 mm. Surface and sub-surface soil conditions rated good to excellent, decreasing 1 and 3 per cent, respectively. Currently, 70 per cent of both surface and sub-surface soil moisture is rated good to excellent.
  • Pasture growth conditions (tame hay in brackets) are rated as 16 (16) per cent poor, 34 (34) per cent fair, 43 (43) per cent good and 7 (7) per cent excellent.

To read the full report on all regions head to their website:

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